There is a link between certain oral contraceptives and acne, but the combination is said to work differently in the aims to achieve clear skin.
In both sexes, male hormones (including testosterone) increase during puberty, and stimulate the sebaceous (skin’s oil glands) follicles. Over-stimulation results in too much sebum, which can lead to acne.
As teenagers reach adulthood, hormone levels are supposed to stabilize, and acne problems usually clear up. However, some people still experience mild to moderate acne in their 20s and 30s.
The Pill treats acne with an oestrogen-progesterone combination that alters the female hormone pattern; this includes reducing the amount of the testosterone in the body. Sebum production drops with a drop of testosterone.
The effectiveness of the Pill is believed that the progesterone and not oestrogen in the Pill determines effective for acne treatment. Not all Pills work, though: some contain versions of hormones that can actually worsen acne.
Women who have Poly-Cystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) can greatly benefit from using an oral contraceptive. It helps to clear acne brought on by the condition and also helps other PCOS symptoms such as excessive hair growth.
Oral contraceptives can be used in conjunction with acne creams, but not with other oral acne medication. Results can be within three months of taking an oral contraceptive. In some women acne may initially flare up, and it is advised to continue taking the oral contraceptive as prescribed.
It is important to remember to take the pill regularly as missing doses can decrease the efficacy. Side effects include weight gain, increase in blood pressure and an increase in the risk of developing blood clots which diagnosed as (deep vein thrombosis).
These side effects are rare and increase with age. Routine check-ups by the healthcare provider prescribing the treatment will be picked up early if detected and can be reversible signs before they become serious.